School-to-Prison Pipeline Resources

Alexander, M. (2012). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York, NY: New Press.

Bokenkamp, K. & Walker, L. A. (2019). Empty Desks Discipline & Policing in Montana’s 

Public Schools: Indigenous Students Disproportionately Pushed Out. American Civil Liberties Union of Montana. Retrieved from

Brown, C. A. (2014). Discipline disproportionality among American Indian students: Expanding the discourse. Journal of American Education, 53(2), 29-47.

Counts, J., Randall, K. N., Ryan, J. B., Katsiyannis, A. (2018). School Resource Officers in Public Schools: A National Review. Education and Treatment of Children, 41(4), 405-430.

Curran, F. C., Fisher, B. W., Viano, S., & Kupchik, A. (2019). Why and when do School Resource Officers engage in school discipline? The role and context in shaping disciplinary involvement. American Journal of Education, 126, 33-63.

Fisher, B. W. and Hennessy, E. A. (2016). School Resource Officers and exclusionary discipline in U. S. high schools: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Adolescent Research Review, 1, 2017-233.

Fletcher, M. I. (2008). American Indian Education: Counternarratives in Racism, Struggle, and the Law. Taylor and Francis: New York.

Forsyth, C. J., Howat, H., Pei, L. K., Forsyth, Y. A., Asmus, G., and Stokes, B. R. (2013). Examining the infractions causing higher rates of suspensions and expulsions: Racial and ethnic considerations. Laws, 2, 20-32.

Glenn, J.W. (2019). Resilience matters: Examining the school to prison pipeline through the lens of school-based problem behaviors. Justice Policy Journal, 16(1), 1-23.

Glenn, J.W., Taylor, L. C., Chesterton, H. P., Williams, S., & Moavenzadeh, F. (2019). Understanding school-based policing: Recommendations for improving School Resource Officer programs and promoting safer schools. Safer Communities, 18(3/4), 132-142.

Goldstein, Cole, Houck, Haney-Caron, Holliday, Kreimer, & Bethel. (2019). Dismantling the school-to-prison pipleline: The Philadelphia police school diversion program. Children and Youth Services Review, 101, 61-69.

King, S. & Bracy, N. L. (2019). School security in the post-Columbine era: Trends, consequences, and future directions. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 35(3), 274-295.

Mallett, C. A. (2016). The school-to-prison pipeline: A critical review of the punitive paradigm shift. Child Adolescent Social Work Journal, 33, 15-24.

Martin, J. L., Sharp-Grier, M., and Smith, J. B. (2016). Leadership and Research in Education: The Journal of the Ohio Council of Professors of Educational Administration, 3(1), 18-33.

Owens, E. G. (2017). Testing the school-to-prison pipeline. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 36(1), 11-37.

Redfield, S. E. and Nance, J. P. (2016). American Bar Association: Joint task force on reversing the school-to-prison pipeline. The University of Memphis Law Review, 47, 1-180.

Ross, L. (1998). Inventing the Savage: The Social Construction of Native American Criminality, Austin: University of Texas Press.

Ryan, J. B., Katsyyannis, A., Counts, J. M., and Shelnut, J. C. (2018). The growing concerns regarding School Resource Officers. Intervention in School and Clinic, 53(3), 188-192.